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mayo 5, 2020

How to protect yourself and others

How it spreads

  • There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
  • The best way to prevent the disease is to avoid exposure to this virus.
  • The virus is believed to spread mainly from person to person. .
    • Between people who are in close contact (at a distance of up to about 6 feet).
    • Through respiratory droplets that are produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks.
    • These droplets can end up in the mouth or nose of those who are nearby or possibly be inhaled and reach the lungs.
    • Some recent studies suggest that COVID-19 can be spread through people with no symptoms.

All people should

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Wash your hands frequently

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after you’ve been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
  • If you don’t have soap and water, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol . Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub until you feel dry.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth without washing your hands.
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Avoid direct contact

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick, even inside your home. If possible, maintain 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members.
  • Put distance between yourself and other people outside of your home .
    • Remember that some people who do not have symptoms can spread the virus.
    • Keep a distance of at least 6 feet (about the length of 2 arms) from other people .
    • Do not gather in groups.
    • Stay out of crowded places and avoid mass gatherings.
    • Keeping distance from others is especially important for people who are at increased risk of becoming seriously ill .
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Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face covering when surrounded by people

  • You could spread COVID-19 even if you don’t feel sick.
  • Everyone should wear a cloth face covering when they leave their homes, for example, to go to the grocery store or to find other necessary products.
    • Cloth face covers should not be used on children younger than 2 years of age or on people with respiratory problems or who are unconscious, disabled or unable to remove them without assistance.
  • The cloth face covering is to protect other people in case you are infected.
  • DO NOT wear a mask intended for healthcare workers.
  • Keep a distance of about 6 feet from other people. The cloth face covering does not replace social distancing measures.
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Cover your mouth when you cough and sneeze

  • If you are in a private setting and do not have the fabric face covering on, always remember to cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue or the inside of your elbow when coughing or sneezing.
  • Throw the used disposable tissues in the trash.
  • Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If you don’t have soap and water, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
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Clean and disinfect

  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily . This includes tables, door handles, light switches, counters, railings, desks, telephones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, sinks, and dishwashers.
  • If the surfaces are dirty, clean them. Wash them with soap and water and detergent before disinfecting them.
  • Then use a household disinfectant. Most common EPA-registered household disinfectants

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