How it spreads
- There is currently no vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
- The best way to prevent the disease is to avoid exposure to this virus.
- The virus is believed to spread mainly from person to person. .
- Between people who are in close contact (at a distance of up to about 6 feet).
- Through respiratory droplets that are produced when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks.
- These droplets can end up in the mouth or nose of those who are nearby or possibly be inhaled and reach the lungs.
- Some recent studies suggest that COVID-19 can be spread through people with no symptoms.
Wash your hands frequently
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially after you’ve been in a public place, or after blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing.
- If you don’t have soap and water, use a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol . Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub until you feel dry.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth without washing your hands.
Avoid direct contact
- Avoid close contact with people who are sick, even inside your home. If possible, maintain 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members.
- Put distance between yourself and other people outside of your home .
- Remember that some people who do not have symptoms can spread the virus.
- Keep a distance of at least 6 feet (about the length of 2 arms) from other people .
- Do not gather in groups.
- Stay out of crowded places and avoid mass gatherings.
- Keeping distance from others is especially important for people who are at increased risk of becoming seriously ill .
Cover your mouth and nose with a cloth face covering when surrounded by people
- You could spread COVID-19 even if you don’t feel sick.
- Everyone should wear a cloth face covering when they leave their homes, for example, to go to the grocery store or to find other necessary products.
- Cloth face covers should not be used on children younger than 2 years of age or on people with respiratory problems or who are unconscious, disabled or unable to remove them without assistance.
- The cloth face covering is to protect other people in case you are infected.
- DO NOT wear a mask intended for healthcare workers.
- Keep a distance of about 6 feet from other people. The cloth face covering does not replace social distancing measures.
Cover your mouth when you cough and sneeze
- If you are in a private setting and do not have the fabric face covering on, always remember to cover your mouth and nose with a disposable tissue or the inside of your elbow when coughing or sneezing.
- Throw the used disposable tissues in the trash.
- Immediately wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If you don’t have soap and water, clean your hands with a hand sanitizer that contains at least 60% alcohol.
Clean and disinfect
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces daily . This includes tables, door handles, light switches, counters, railings, desks, telephones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, sinks, and dishwashers.
- If the surfaces are dirty, clean them. Wash them with soap and water and detergent before disinfecting them.
- Then use a household disinfectant. Most common EPA-registered household disinfectants